- In the Low Countries (Holland, Flanders, Brabant, and Gelderland), feudalism was weakened through the process of in dependence gained by the counts and dukes in the late Middle Ages. This process was stimulated by the state formation and centralization imposed by the Burgundian dukes and the princes of the House of Habsburg. After the Revoltagainst the king of Spain in the late 16th century, remnants of the seigniorial system could be found mainly in the less urbanized eastern provincesof the Dutch Republic. Seignio rial rights were abolished by the constitution of 1798, but a few of them persisted well into modern times.
Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. EdwART. 2012.
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